Building the National Shrine

Washington DC
The National Shrine: 1890 - 1940

Mark N. Ozer

We explore the questions of Who? Why? When? and Where? in Washington DC at a crucial time in its history. Its physical growth has reflected the centralization that has occurred as the republic has evolved in its power and complexity. At its centennial as the Seat of Government in 1900, following a short triumphant war, the United States entered a new era. Its government would also be remade in the spirit of the Progressive movement to meet the challenges of industrial mobilization tested in the crucial participation in a world war. It would meet a national economic crisis in which industrial capitalism was found wanting and the city took on new respomsibilities. By 1940, it had clearly become an international power while its national capital had been remade to fulfill its new role in line to become a world capital.

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“Mark Ozer continues his review of the historical development of the National Capital. This book examines how the Federal City, preserved and expanded by the Civil War, grew into the National Shrine of a nation that had become a major world power. Ozer brings a keen ability to relate politics, architecture, and urban development together in concise, pithy, and insightful discussions. Readers will find much to interest, enlighten, and perhaps even challenge them to further consider the evolution and meaning of Washington, DC to the nation’s past, present, and future.” Donald Kennon, Vice President for Research, US Capitol Historical Society (Ret.)

Table of Contents

  • INTRODUCTION
  • SECTION I AN INDUSTRIAL NATION
    • Introduction
    • Chapter 1 The Blueprint for a Modern America
      • Introduction
      • The Pennsylvania Railroad and Tom Scott
      • The Carnegie Steel Company and Andrew Carnegie
      • The Homestead Steel Works and the Union
    • Chapter 2 The Maintenance of Republican Virtue
      • Introduction
      • The Adams Family and republican virtue
      • Charles Sumner and the “Conscience Whigs.”
      • Henry Adams and “Mugwumperism”
      • The Supreme Court and the 14th Amendment
      • Populism and republican “equality”
    • Chapter 3 The Progressive Movement
      • Introduction
      • Louis Brandeis and the Reform Movement
      • TR and The Progressive Movement
      • The Election of 1912 and Woodrow Wilson
    • Chapter 4 The First Wilson Term
      • Introduction
      • The Inner Circle and Cabinet
      • The Treasury and the Federal Reserve System
      • Direct Election of Senators/ The 17th Amendment
      • The Brandeis Nomination
  • SECTION II MANIFEST DESTINY WRIT LARGE
    • Introduction
    • Chapter 5 Navalism and the US Navy
      • Introduction
      • TR and the Spanish-American War
      • Immigration Restriction and Henry Cabot Lodge
    • Chapter 6 The Great War
      • Introduction
      • American Neutrality
      • Mobilization for War
      • Conscription for War
      • The Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations
      • The Wilson House
    • Chapter 7 The Aftermath of the Great War
      • Introduction
      • Temperance and the 18th Amendment
      • Women’s Suffrage /The 19th Amendment
      • The Military Memorials
      • The Veterans’ Administration and the American Legion
      • The Bonus March
  • SECTION III THE NEW DEAL
    • Introduction
    • Chapter 8 The Hoover Presidency
      • Introduction
      • The Election of 1928
      • Fiorello LaGuardia and Labor Rights
      • The Election of 1930
    • Chapter 9 The New Deal
      • Introduction
      • The Election of 1932
      • The Conservation Movement
      • Sam Rayburn and the Security Exchange Commission
      • Labor Rights and The Wagner Act
      • The Regulatory Agencies
    • Chapter 10 The Supreme Court and the New Deal
      • Introduction
      • The Early Supreme Court
      • The Constitutional Crisis
      • The Roosevelt Supreme Court
  • SECTION IV WASHINGTON: THE NATIONAL SHRINE
    • Introduction
    • Chapter 11 The Washington Centennial
      • Introduction
      • The McMillan Commission/ The Senate Parks Commission
      • The Union Station
      • The Development of the National Mall
      • National Gallery of Art
    • Chapter 12 The Executive Office Buildings
      • Introduction
      • The Commission of Fine Arts
      • The Federal Triangle
      • The Executive Office Buildings of the New Deal
      • The Regulatory Agencies
    • Chapter 13 The National Shrines
      • Introduction
      • The Grant Memorial
      • The Lincoln Memorial
      • The Jefferson Memorial
      • The White House
      • The Supreme Court
      • The National Archives
      • The Rock Creek Parkway System
      • The Rock Creek Parkway and its Bridges
  • WORKS CONSULTED
  • LIST OF FIGURES
  • INDEX
  • ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Washington DC - The National Shrine: 1890 - 1940
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