The National Capital

Washington DC and the Civil War

Mark N. Ozer

Who? Where? When? and Why? These are the questions to be answered when exploring Washington DC as it was affected by the Civil War during its time and since and how the city in turn affected the war and the history of Reconstruction. The book is divided into three major sections. The first is the political life of the wartime "Seat of Government." All three branches evolved as a result of the trial by fire. The war, fought in the halls of Congress as well as the battlefield, continued long past Appomattox into Reconstruction. The second aspect was its role on the front-line as the actual "Seat of War." The third is its ongoing pre-eminent role as the national capital of a more united country and as a "Seat of Civil War Memory." Onto the present day, the city both commemorates the war and provides the arena for its ongoing meaning in the political life of the nation. Much more than the standard guidebook, that section can be used as such by the discerning inhabitant or visitor.

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“A welcome addition to the literature on the Nation’s Capital and the Civil War, author Mark N. Ozer methodically presents the essential information in an easily comprehensible manner. Readers will benefit from reading the book from cover to cover as well as quickly accessing relevant information. Topics include the role of each of the three branches of the federal government during the war — and the impact of the war on each branch, the significant changes the war brought on the physical cit ,and the role of the city in the continuing historical memory of the Civil War. Mark Ozer’s book uniquely provides the context for the resulting Civil War related memorials located throughout the city” -- Donald R. Kennon, VP for Scholarship and Education, U.S. Capitol Historical Society

Table of Contents

  • SECTION I WASHINGTON DC: THE SEAT OF GOVERNMENT
    • Introduction
    • Chapter 1. The Civil War Presidency
      • Introduction
      • The Election of 1860
      • The Winter of Secession
      • The First Inaugural
      • The Executive Mansion
      • The Cabinet
      • The Border States
      • Lincoln and Emancipation
      • The Election of 1864
      • The Second Inaugural
      • Lincoln and Reconstruction
      • The Andrew Johnson Presidency
      • The Grant Presidency and the Department of Justice
    • Chapter 2 The Civil War Legislature
      • Introduction
      • The 36th Congress and the Protective Tariff
      • The 37th Congress and the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War
      • The 38th Congress and the Wade-Davis Bill
      • The 39th Congress and the Joint Committee on Reconstruction
      • The 40th Congress and a Bill of Impeachment
      • The Transcontinental Railroad
      • The Reconstruction Congress
      • Chapter 3 The Judiciary
      • Introduction
      • The Taney Court
      • The Chase Court
      • The Reconstruction Court
  • SECTION II WASHINGTON DC: THE SEAT OF WAR
    • Introduction
    • Chapter 4 The War-Time City
      • Introduction
      • The Main Street of Washington
      • Willard's Hotel
      • Newspaper Row
      • The National Theater
      • Pennsylvania Avenue East
      • The Assassination at Ford's Theater
      • Trial and Execution of the Conspirators
    • Chapter 5 The City of Supply
      • Introduction
      • U.S. Navy Yard and John Dahlgren
      • Washington Arsenal
      • The Quartermaster Corps and Montgomery Meigs
      • Transportation Connections and Tom Scott
      • Finances
    • Chapter 6 The Wartime Medical Center
      • Introduction
      • The U.S. Sanitary Commission
      • The Union Army Medical Department
      • Washington Hospitals
    • Chapter 7 The Wartime Defenses
      • Introduction
      • The Army of the Potomac
      • Jubal Early and the Battle of Fort Stevens
      • The Military Command
  • SECTION III WASHINGTON DC: THE SEAT OF WARTIME MEMORY THE NATIONAL CAPITAL
    • Introduction
    • Chapter 8 The Capital of Lincoln the Martyr
      • Introduction
      • Trial and Execution of the Conspirators
      • The United States Capitol
      • Lincoln the Legislator
      • Lincoln the Emancipator
      • Lincoln the Conciliator/The Lincoln Memorial
      • The Lincoln Memorial Revisited
    • Chapter 9 Washington DC The Model of Emancipation and Reconstruction
      • Introduction
      • The Status of Blacks in the District of Columbia
      • The Politics of Reconstruction
      • The Physical Reconstruction of Washington
    • Chapter 10 The Capital of Unionist Northern Hegemony/ The National Capital
      • Introduction
      • The Completion of the U.S. Capitol
      • The Grand Review
      • The Ceremonial Mile
      • The Avenue of Monuments
      • The Grant Memorial
      • The GAR Memorial and the Pension Bureau
      • The Federal Pension Bureau
      • The Arlington National Cemetery
  • WORKS CONSULTED
  • LIST OF FIGURES
  • APPENDIX/BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY
  • INDEX
  • ABOUT THE AUTHOR
  • Washington DC and the Civil War
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