The Complete Washington DC Guide Series

Pennsylvania Avenue:

The Complete Guide

Mark N. Ozer

The Capitol was both the central building of the new country and of the city that it was to represent. It connected to the ancient past as a legitimating foundation for the new country. The exterior was adorned by the lavish Corinthian style order in recognition of the great importance of the building. The domed center was reminiscent of the ancient Roman Pantheon with two wings devoted to the two branches of the Congress united by a continuous front. The use of the Roman model of the Pantheon was very much in Jefferson’s mind when he recommended the use of “models of antiquity.” Jefferson took an active role in completing it based on his wishes to provide a “museum” of ancient models of architecture for the education of Americans. When the Capitol was enlarged in the 1850s, there was the vision that it should be comparable to the temples and palaces of Europe. The overall opulence of design and decoration drawing upon roots in the Italian Renaissance was meant to exemplify that the torch had passed from the age considered the epitome of European civilization to an America that had fulfilled its manifest destiny uniting the west and east coasts of a continent. We explore how the U.S. Capitol and its surroundings came to be and how they continue to reflect our times.

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Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Chapter 1 The Anacostia Waterfront
    • 1.1. 8th Street and Barrack Row
    • 1.2. The Washington Navy Yard
    • 1.3. The U.S Naval Hospital
    • 1.4. The Marine Band
    • 1.5. The Congressional Cemetery
    • 1.6. Friendship House (The Maples)
    • 1.7. The Bonus Marchers
  • Chapter 2 Capitol Hill
    • 2.1. Lincoln Park
    • 2.2. Eastern Market
    • 2.3. Stanton Park
    • 2.4. Seward Park
    • 2.5. The Sewall-Belmont House
    • 2.6. The Folger Library
  • Chapter 3. The U.S. Capitol
    • 3.1. The Old Capitol
    • 3.2. The Capitol Extension
    • 3.3. The Capitol Grounds
  • Chapter 4 The Library of Congress
  • Chapter 5 The Supreme Court
  • Chapter 6 The Congressional Office Buildings
  • Chapter 7 The U.S. Botanic Garden/The Bartholdi Fountain
  • List of Figures
  • Index
Capitol Hill